John Rubel was director of research and development in the Pentagon when the Minuteman missile was the pride of the Air Force because it could be launched within a single minute. "What civilian controls?" asked Rubel to the generals. "Very complicated," came their reply, in effect admitting that there were none. So Rubel set out to convince at first the Eisenhower and then the Kennedy administrations that a vastly improved protocol was required. Rubel's courage and intellectual timber come through in this fascinating interview.